Seed quality plays an important role in the production of agronomic and horticultural crops. Characteristics such as trueness to variety, germination percentage, purity, vigor, and appearance are important to farmers planting crops. Achieving and maintaining high seed quality is the goal of every professional seed producer. Seed processing is a vital part of the seed production needed to move the improved genetic materials of the plant breeder into commercial channels for feeding the rapidly expanding world population. The farmer must get the quality seed that is free from all undesired materials because farmer’s entire crop depends on it. Seed certification is a process designed to maintain and make available to the general public continuous supply of high quality seeds and propagating materials of notified kinds and varieties of crops, so grown and distributed to ensure the physical identity and genetic purity. Seed certification is a legally sanctioned system for quality control of seed multiplication and production. The course covers a wide range of seed science and technology issues related to production of high quality seeds, processing, testing, certification, quality control, seed storage, field and laboratory techniques in seed quality assurance
OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAM
- To build capacity of students, officers & professionals in the area of quality Seed production.
- Application of digital tools for post-harvest handling and management ofseeds.
- To know the importance of seed testing by digitaltools.
- To create awareness about the opportunities in digital seed certification & qualitycontrol.
Key component of the programme:
The programme is designed around the following themes:-
Quality Seed Production: Seed Formation and Development, Principles of Seed Production in self and cross pollinated crop, Seed production technology in field crops, Planning and management of seed production programme
Post-harvest and handling and management of seeds: Harvesting and maturity indices, Post harvest techniques of seed storage, In store drying, Store losses, Assessment of losses, Post harvest quality assessment techniques, Quality andsafety
Seed Testing: The use of seed sampling and digital testing equipment, Maintenanceof equipment, Sampling and physical purity analysis for quality testing, Seed viability and vigour testing, Reporting the results of tests, Storage of test samples, The role of the seed testing laboratories under the seedlaw.
Seed Certification and Quality Control: Seed certification standards for Millets, Pulses, Oilseeds, Fibercrops, Forage, Vegetables and for Spices.
The sessions will be delivered through lectures, group discussions, case studies, and field visits. The program design will be highly participatory. Each participant will be expected to contribute ideas and take part in group activities. The participants will work in small groups to undertake various assignments allotted to them. Experiential learning methodology is effectively incorporated in the program. The participants will learn through group interaction, field visits and the trainers. Each delegate will have the opportunity to share and present the current system of seedproduction.